After ratification by the British Parliament was concluded today with the royal approval of the European Union Withdrawal Agreement Act (withdrawal agreement), MEPs on the Constitutional Affairs Committee voted 23 in favour, 3 against and no abstention in favour of a positive recommendation on the EU-UK withdrawal agreement. Former Belgian Prime Minister Michel, who chairs eu summits, said in a tweet: “Things will inevitably change, but our friendship will remain. We are starting a new chapter as a partner and ally. On 6 September 2020, the Financial Times reported that the UK government was considering drafting new laws to circumvent the protocol of the Northern Ireland Withdrawal Agreement.  The new law would give ministers the power to determine which state aid should be notified to the EU and to define which products at risk of being transferred from Northern Ireland to Ireland (the withdrawal agreement stipulates that in the absence of a reciprocal agreement, all products are considered vulnerable).  The government defended this approach and stated that the legislation was in accordance with protocol and that it had only “clarified” the volumity in the protocol.  Ursula von der Leyen warned Johnson not to violate international law and said that the implementation of the withdrawal agreement by Britain was a “precondition for any future partnership”.  On 8 September, the Minister of Foreign Affairs for Northern Ireland, Brandon Lewis, told the British Parliament that the government`s internal market bill would “violate international law”.”  The withdrawal agreement provides for a transitional period until 31 December 2020, during which time the United Kingdom will remain in the internal market to ensure the flow of trade until a long-term relationship is concluded. If no agreement is reached by then, the UK will leave the single market without a trade deal on 1 January 2021. The withdrawal agreement is closely linked to a non-binding political declaration on future relations between the EU and the UK.
On 22 December, British lawmakers will vote in favour of Prime Minister Johnson`s withdrawal law, which provides for a legal withdrawal date of 31 January 2020. Getting a majority to pass the bill in the House of Commons proved to be a major stumbling block for the Prime Minister, but after a general election, Johnson`s Conservative party took control of the house and the bill was passed by 124 votes. The Brexit Withdrawal Agreement, officially titled the UK`s withdrawal agreement from Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union and the European Atomic Energy Community. is a treaty signed on 24 January 2020 between the European Union (EU), Euratom and the United Kingdom (UK)  which sets the conditions for the UK`s withdrawal from the EU and Euratom. The text of the treaty was published on 17 October 2019 and is a renegotiated version of an agreement published six months earlier. The previous version of the withdrawal agreement was rejected three times by the House of Commons, leading Queen Elizabeth II to accept Theresa May`s resignation as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom and appoint Boris Johnson as the new Prime Minister on 24 July 2019. The EU-27 (with the exception of the UK) notes that sufficient progress has been made in Phase 1.